By: Juliana Witt
Summary. 142 years ago temperatures around the globe were being measured and recorded. This led to scientists making observations and averages of temperatures not only from the whole globe, but also from specific areas around the globe as well. Since the effects of climate change have been a waving red flag throughout the last decades varying global temperatures have been becoming increasingly important to scientists. Throughout the last decade global temperatures have been slightly increasing with July of 2021 being the hottest month on record. This insane record was measured at a temperature of 60.4 degrees Fahrenheit (15.8 degrees Celsius), this being almost 2 degrees higher than the global average. This heightened temperature is believed to be mostly caused from human factors, such as greenhouse gas effects from the release of carbon and methane. Even though this two degree increase in temperature doesn't seem like much, it can have huge impacts on many different functions around the world. This increase in temperature increases climate change which can cause major weather events which can affect animals and people living in heavily affected areas. Most noticeable to the public today is the increase in floods, droughts, and severe weather storms that have been occurring throughout the past years. As noted from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration a huge impact of increasing temperatures is melting Arctic sea ice. Due to the way heat rises the Arctic has gotten hit by the record breaking temperature the most. The July of 2021 procured the largest amount of sea ice loss in history, showing a direct correlation between increasing global temperatures and amount of sea ice melting per year. The increasing temperature bears with it huge impacts to the society that is known today and poses great threat to all the inhabitants of the Earth. It is frightening to think that we lived through the hottest recorded temperature and from the history that is being presented it is only going to get worse.
Why we should care? We should care about this topic because we are the reason for the impacts of a hotter earth. It is not only greatly affecting the animals and plants around us but is directly impacting the lives of many people.
This article was interesting because it provided graphs and images to portray the intense heat surge throughout the entire world. It provided data from NASA (National Aeronautics & Space Administration) (National Aeronautics & Space Administration) that showed that the whole globe was hotter than it has ever been with just a few spots being cooler. Something this article also brought to light was the term "heat domes". Heat domes are areas that have a bubble-like top that does not allow the heat to leave, therefore becoming trapped. In this article it stated that the Northern hemisphere had 5 heat domes in the month of July. This heat was not only extreme, but it continued to August and September afterwards creating some of the hottest temperatures on record all over the world. Many different countries such as Turkey, Greece, and Japan experienced heat wave temperatures that they had not experienced for decades before. This is causing a wave of panic all over the world as places get hotter and hotter with no end.
Science in Action.
Dr. Randall Cerveny is a Geographical Science Professor at Arizona State University and Rapporteur for the World Meteorological Association (WMO).
Randall Cerveny's research is to, with scientific evidence, conclude if the temperature of 130 degrees Fahrenheit (54.4 degrees Celsius) is a legitimate temperature recording. This temperature was recorded in Death Valley in 2020 and could be the third hottest temperature ever recorded on the planet. Cerveny working with the WMOs (World Meteorological Organization) will contest if that temperature measure is true. This topic is relevant to July of 2021 being the world's hottest month because it shows that the temperatures on Earth are only getting hotter. With better research and technology, it can be shown that everywhere on Earth it is not only getting hotter but reaching scorching temperatures never felt by the people on the Earth. With a better focus on these weather extremes and temperatures it may be easier to inform the public about weather disasters and why they are occurring.
The map you showed was really alarming. It showed a lot of places having the record warmest year in all the years we've been recording temperature, which is really scary. It's our actions that has caused this and we've got to start taking our environmental impact more seriously.
It has to be noted that regions surrounded by continental land are typically hotter than coastal regions or areas surrounded by water. Here in Michigan we are buffered by the Great Lakes ability to absorb heat, reducing the steep temperature drops during the day/night. Regions such as deserts are the most at risk for droughts and extreme temperatures. We need to divert resources to start relocating away from those at risk regions in my opinion for long-term climate planning. If we do not relocate these communities lives are at risk.
Being raised in Michigan, I have always been surrounded by water. This has given my area a natural cooling affect because of this I have not been impacted by climate change as much as other places. A common weather change I have noted here in the past couple years is more flooding's. States like California have had to endure a lot of negatives caused by climate change. Due to human intervention, things like natural disasters and the melting ice caps are becoming more frequent.
It seems every year that the world hits a new hottest record, summer or winter. Maybe we should do something about that. If it continues to happen we will see many trickle down effects. Invasive species moving north to find more suitable environments, including bugs and mosquitos carrying diseases. Shame there is nothing we can do.
This is very interesting to read because yes it is very important to look at rising temperatures and figure out the causes and their impact, but also very interesting to see how relatively short the time frame of temperatures being recorded is. One very important way to look at it though in this way is that in such a short period of time as they have been recorded we have already seen an alarming rise in average temperature and the impact it has on our environment.
This is a super alarming topic, the image you showed is especially alarming. It is known that the Earth goes through phases of warming and cooling but never to this extent. Humans are definitely at fault for this warming effect and we're going to have to change as a globe if we hope to be living on Earth much longer.
The alarming rate at which the Earth is heating up and staying hotter longer in regions (heat domes) is deeply concerning. The map you provided attached to your article was very insightful. I'm really curious however why some areas have colder temperatures as it is typical of climate change to lean more on the warming side. Especially curious because these regions were still mainly based in the mid-west. Michigan having the Great Lakes provides a huge buffer when it comes to heat and possible heat domes, but alas we aren't excluded from rising heat temperatures ourselves regardless.
I think the map really shows how alarming of an issue global climate change has become. Temperatures will only continue to rise and lead to many other dangerous after effects like increased sea levels and stronger storms. This last summer many areas in southeastern Michigan lost power due to overuse of air conditioners from the high heats.
I knew that this was occurring, the constant record highs that is. It is really terrible that we have permanently affected the earth and are greatly struggling to fix the damage we have done. The trend does not appear to be stopping. Along with the increased natural disasters mentioned in the post comes melting sea ice, this can create even more issues for those living in coastal areas with raising sea levels. These areas are heavily populated because in the past the coast was a great area to start a city but now they are affected by increased flooding and hurricanes, this just begs the question if it will continue to be a good place for cities to grow in the future.
It’s very necessary to get a hold on climate change. It’s the key factor in being the number one cause of everything. So when we find some type of way in controlling that, we’ll start to see a decrease in temperature and other things. So maybe in the future we’ll find a way in managing it.
I don't understand how there are so many people that don't believe in climate change. We know that we are causing global warming and we are not doing enough to change even though we have had more than enough time to turn things around. Like you mentioned in the article we have had floods, droughts, and severe weather storms and it's getting to a point where our damage will become irreversible; what will we do then?
Although human ingenuity and problem-solving knows no bounds, we should not be relying on it to save us from an upcoming catastrophe. As these events unfortunately become more and more common, the elite in charge eventually have to make the decision to start mitigating our climate destruction. Sure, the Earth has dealt with periods of warming in the past, but these periods were accompanied by death and massive changes to ecosystems, even though the warming was slow!
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