By: Benjamin DeGrove
Summary. Russia has completed work on a new pipeline to northern Germany earlier this year. The new line, created by the Russian company Gazprom, will transport natural gas to Germany. The Nord Stream 2 pipeline runs along the original Nord Stream pipeline under the Baltic Sea. The pipeline originates in Ust-Luga and runs to the northern German city of Greifswald, whereas the old pipeline began in Vyborg and ended in Greifswald. With the decline of extraction of fossil fuels in the European Union, prices for power have rose and the new line could alleviate some of the costs for electricity through the European Union. The project has been opposed by the United States and the Ukraine as they try to prevent further Russian aggression into Ukraine. The gas line if turned on could cause United States sanctions on Russia to be much less effective if they decide to invade Ukraine. The new pipeline also would cause a further dependence on fossil fuels in Europe and also increase the overall dependence of exports from Russia, which could be a powerful political tool for the Russian side. Also, if the Germany allows the import of natural gas through this new line, the United States will threaten to put sanctions on German companies as well to combat the Russian aggression in Ukraine. Germany has not yet legalized the new gas line because the operators of the line would have to be organized under the German government or have to create a subsidiary inside of Germany.
Why we should care? We should care about the new pipeline because it is a new mode for fossil fuels to be burned and could create a change in balance of regional power in Europe and the independence of Ukraine.
This article shows an in depth look at the international politics between the countries involved in making the pipeline and the United States. The article also explains the Swiss operating companies move to create a German subsidiary to legally run the European side of the gas line. It contains a link to a sanctions list for the European Union on Russia. I also like the article because explains why the pipeline isn’t running right now and states it could be out of commission up until June 2022. The Nord Stream line being blocked is bad for the European economy but good for their environment and greenhouse gas emissions.
Science in Action.
Dr. Erika von Schneidemesser is the Research Group Leader at the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies, Potsdam.
Dr. Erika von Schneidemesser is an atmospheric chemistry specialist that studies the air quality, pollution and atmospheric processes of urban areas in Germany. Her research is relevant to Nord Stream 2 pipeline because when it opens, it will create a new wave of burning natural gas in Germany. This would cause air pollution and quality problems which would directly impact her research.